The specialty of an accountant is one of the most demanded professions in the field of economics and finance today. In any, even the smallest company, there is definitely a position of an accountant, since this specialist calculates salaries, calculates salaries for employees, calculates tax deductions, product costs, and holds invoices from suppliers and subcontractors.
Usually in companies that can afford to keep several specialists on staff, accountants work in certain areas - one is responsible for cash and payroll, the second works with foreign exchange operations, the third deals with the warehouse and finished products, etc. The chief accountant is responsible for all accounting and its correct conduct. As a rule, it is the chief accountant who bears the entire burden of responsibility for the preparation of tax and financial reports, for the company's financial operations, competent accounting and for the financial activities of the company as a whole. He is always a qualified specialist who knows all the intricacies of tax and financial legislation, accounting and tax policy,and he enjoys well-deserved respect in the company - the complexity of the chief accountant's work is accordingly estimated both in the salary and in the bonuses accrued to him.
The first accountants were known in ancient India - there they were mainly engaged in accounting for agricultural activities and were called bookkeepers. Actually the name of the profession "accountant" appeared in the 15th century with the light hand of Emperor Maximilian, at the same time the first book on accounting appeared - the treatise of the Italian Luca Pacioli "On accounts and records", the first attempt to describe and streamline the functions of an accountant. In Russia, this specialty was introduced by the decree of Peter the Great at the beginning of the 18th century.
Here are the basic requirements for an accountant from employers:
Higher specialized education;
Knowledge of legislation in the field of taxation and accounting, knowledge of the Russian accounting system;
Citizenship of the Russian Federation (sometimes employers indicate that they are looking for a woman for the position);
Confident possession of a PC, knowledge of office programs and 1C;
Work experience of 1-2 years is often required;
If the employer conducts foreign economic activity, then knowledge of currency, customs legislation, as well as foreign economic activity documents is required.
The list of what an accountant should know may change, since his activities are regulated by decrees and decrees of the Ministry of Taxes and the Ministry of Finance, which often change and sometimes contradict each other.
To master the skills of an accountant, you need to get a higher education in economics, ideally with a degree in Accounting, Analysis and Auditing. It should be said that usually university graduates begin their career with the position of an assistant accountant - this allows them to gain the necessary experience and polish the knowledge gained at the university in practice, to understand what and how an accountant actually does. Often, the theory taught in universities is outdated or significantly different from practice, and therefore it will be useful to work as an assistant for 1-2 years before becoming an accountant.
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